Tim Bayne, Axel Cleeremans, and Patrick Wilken are editing the Oxford Companion to Consciousness, an encyclopedia-style reference work with entries on all sorts of topics. As part of the book, they want to include 20-25 biographies of major contributors to the study of consciousness. Tim suggested that I post a note here in order to encourage suggestions about who should be included in such a list. Note that the book is interdisciplinary, so relevant figures include philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, and others (though the topic is consciousness specifically, rather than all of cognitive science). The list is restricted to people who are no longer living.
I'll kick things off with ten names that come quickly to mind: René Descartes, Gustav Fechner, Wilhelm Wundt, Franz Brentano, William James, Sigmund Freud, Edmund Husserl, Wilder Penfield, Roger Sperry, Francis Crick. Of course more names come to mind, but I won't spoil the fun by trying to enumerate them all. Your suggestions are welcome.